1. Calamondin are they Dwarf?
Currently calamondins are not grown as Pipsqueaks.
They are a usual sized tree reaching around five metres in height and around three metres in width.
Calamondins are very easily kept under control with pruning – they are very happy to live their entire life in a pot.
Go up slowly with your pot size, not too large too quickly and remember to keep the food and water up.
Clip them firmly in spring to keep them in shape and they'll reward you with buckets of cheerful fruit.
2. When do I repot
Knowing when to repot your citrus can be tricky…..however the simple rule of thumb is does the plant look too big for the pot?
If you can keep the water and the food up to the plant then you really don't have to repot. Citrus will stress if they dry out or get hungry. They display this stress with yellow leaves or mottling. The leaves may drop off or you'll notice a thinning in the foliage, as the plant is unable to support it's growth….If your decision is to repot to a larger pot this is what we suggest.
Select a new pot that is only one or two sizes up from the old pot….going too large can be counterproductive
Use a premium potting mix
Make sure the pot is going to drain away water when planted. Cover the drain holes with broken pottery or stones then add the potting mix.
Remove a good few millimetres of the old layer of potting mix.
Seat the plant down well into the new pot top up and around with the new potting mix and leave a space from the top on the pot to the top of the potting mix of about 10 – 20 mm. This allows room for plenty of water without spillage and fertiliser wash out.
Add in your controlled release fertiliser.
Water in well and top up with extra potting mix in need.
Avoid punching, hard pressing or squishing in the potting mix. The water will move the mix into any air spaces and you can really hurt and damage the citrus roots by this aggressive and unnecessary procedure.
You may wish to give your citrus a little hair cut to encourage it to grow wide in it's new pot?
Stand back….Well Done, your citrus tree will thank you.
3. What Pot Size is best?
A staged and slow increase in pot size is the best method to of approach when you’re ready to transplant/pot your citrus tree. For example if you have a pot that is 165mm this is a Pipsqueak sized pot. You would be advised to repot up into a 250mm pot.
This will encourage the tree to push out new roots and comfortably fill the pot, once it has pushed down and felt the bottom of the pot and reached over and touched the sides your citrus tree will then begin to happily push out plant growth, filling out and plumping up in rhythm with the root system.
In 18months time or so when the plant has comfortably filled that pot then you could go up to a 400mm or 500mm pot.
If you over pot the tree, by placing into a pot that is too large, in this example if you went from a 165mm pot up to a 500mm pot or wine barrel. The plant nervously waits until the roots have found their way out to the sides…..this will take a really long time particularly as the roots rely on the plant to produce the energy for root exploration.
Take it slowly, increase the pot size gradually. You’ll end up with a very fat and happy citrus tree that is truly comfortable in it’s pot.
Always repot using a premium potting mix, garden soil is not designed for pots.